The Impact Of Information Technology (IT) On The Healthcare Sector

The impact of Information technology (IT) on the healthcare sector

 

Individual Report

 

Table of Contents:

Literature Review:                                                                                                                     2

Research Methodology:                                                                                                         4

Data Analysis:                                                                                                                              5

Findings:                                                                                                                                          7

Reflection:                                                                                                                                      8

References:                                                                                                                                   9

Appendix:                                                                                                                                      10

Presentation:                                                                                                                              10

Survey Questioner:                                                                                                                 14

Introduction:

IT is helping to provide a better treatment decision, safe and higher quality care, provide information on choices, support better response to health needs, support effective, operative and equitable health awareness systems to deal with health threats (Khatun, 2015).

Research Aim:

To examine the study on the impact of information technologies used in the healthcare sector

Research Objectives:

  • To analyze the significance of the impact of information technologies used in the healthcare sector

Research Questions:

  • How Information technologies used within the healthcare sector to improve industry performance and productivity?

The rationale of the study:

The main reason for selection of this research topic is researcher huge interest and curiosity to understand the concept of Information technology.

The significance of the study:

This research study has the primary purpose to examine the impact of IT in the healthcare sector assists in leading the changes and fluctuation in the policies, procedure, and system.

Literature Review:

From Ruirui (2016), point of view, in the economy, change in technology is seen as a way to increase production and improve efficiency. This is true in the health care market, which is extremely informative and can significantly benefit from the efficient management of information. For example, advances in information technology allow close decision-making on pharmacies. Information technology in the Health care sector is one of the most critical changes in the health care industry, because of its potential cost reduction, monitoring and reducing medical errors. Adaptation of such technologies in US hospitals is lower than most EU countries. More and more researchers and policymakers are beginning to take a significant interest in the low adoption issue (Sun, 2016).

From Peter, Soongoo, and Keng (2000), perspective the information systems currently used by health organizations are generally divided into three main areas: transaction processing systems, information management systems, and decision support systems. Most hospitals and clinics in the 1970s and 1980s have implemented hospital information systems for administrative purposes as a way of addressing patient admission and billing processes. In the 1990s, health organizations began using information systems for clinical purposes to improve patient care. The health care organizations (providers) should plan carefully how to handle distressed property to compete best. A structured framework is the best way to allocate capital investments in information technology (Peter, Soongoo, and Keng, 2000)

Fatema (2015) examines how developing countries act to strengthen and modify their Information Management system using existing IT in the mid-1990s to the early 2000s. Due to poor economic and infrastructure communications, the process is limited to national and provincial or regional levels, leaving most health workers in remote or rural areas (Khatun, 2015). SYLVIA (2005), recommends that developing nations need to make deliberate efforts to address barriers that threaten the increase in technology intervals between urban and rural areas by setting appropriate policies and strategies (NABANOBA, 2005).

According to Jinhyung, Jeffrey, and Robert (2013), IT investments may affect hospitals through different mechanisms. Applications such as supply chain management, accounting, and billing reduce transaction costs and improve resource allocation. Most, if not all, returns from these applications should be internally through hospitals and consequences of clinical systems, such as electronic medical records (EMRs), are more complex one (Jinhyung, Jeffrey, and Robert, 2013).

According to Jess, Elizabeth, Renee, and Khoffman (2016), in today’s world, technology plays a vital role in every industry as well as in personal life. Of all industries where technology plays an important role, health care is paramount. This merger is responsible for improving and saving many lives around the world. Medical technology is a broad field where innovation plays a crucial role in maintaining good health. Areas such as biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, information technology, medical devices and equipment development have contributed significantly to improving the health of people all over the world. From “small” innovations such as adhesive bandages and ankle braces to larger and more complex techniques such as MRI machines, artificial organs, and robotic artifacts, technology has undoubtedly had a surprising impact on medicine. The reliance on medical technology in the medical industry should not be exaggerated. With the development of these innovative technologies, healthcare workers can continue to find ways to improve practice, from diagnosis, surgical procedures and patient care improvement (JESS, ELIZABETH, RENEE and KHOFFMAN, 2016).

The AAFP (2019), stated that with the help of IT, it provides up-front payments to physicians who can demonstrate the use of electronic health records (EHRs) for medication coordination, disease management, referrals, electronic prescriptions, and communication with patients and other doctors. Conversely, doctors without a HIT system should not be penalized for negative payment adjustments (AAFP, 2019).

Research Methodology:

Research methodology is a kind of technique that apply within investigation to obtaining the solution to the research topic. In the current research study, the main aim of the research is to conduct the study on to critically evaluate the impact of information technology in the health care sector.

Research Approach:

In the current research study, the scholar has the primary objective is to analyze the impact of IT on the healthcare sector so for address this objective of research, scholar have applied inductive research approach.

Research Philosophy:

In the current research study, the researcher has applied interpretivism research philosophy for conduct study to analyze the impact of IT on the healthcare sector.

Research Technique:

To address the objective of research, the scholar has applied quantitative research technique. In this research technique, information has interpreted and analyzed by use of excel through graph analysis.

Research Design:

In the present investigation, for conduct study regarding the impact of IT on the healthcare sector, the scholar has applied exploratory research design.  By using this research design, the researcher has successfully conducted the study to analyze the impact of IT on the healthcare sector and address research targets.

Data Collection:

In the current research study, the scholar has used both primary and secondary data collection method. In the context of primary data collection, the scholar has organized survey through which the researcher was able to gather respondent’s views, opinion, feedback regarding the information technologies used and its impact in the healthcare. On the other hand, in the secondary data collection, the researcher has used books, journals, online blogs, articles, etc. in the section of the literature review.

Sampling:

In the current research investigation, for conduct study upon the impact of IT on the healthcare sector, the scholar has applied a simple random sampling method.  In this regard, a random sample of a given size, all such subsets of the frame are given an equal probability.

Ethical Consideration:

In the present study regarding the impact of IT on the healthcare sector, the scholar has followed different ethics to making research more reliable and valid. During the collection of information, the scholar should not force anyone in give their response and opinion.

Research Limitation:

At the time of conducting a research study, there are various kinds of research limitation faced by a scholar. Time is one of the significant limitations that affected the results of the investigation in a negative manner.

Data Analysis:

The 35 copies of Questionnaire approximately 100% of the population of the administered to the management board staff in which 10 doctors, 10 team of management and 15 respondents of other staff of the small level and big level hospital of the UK.

Reason to use Information technologies in the Healthcare sector:

Analysis:

The result of the above-given graph shows that 14% respondents agree with the reason to dissemination information while 34% said that IT helps to acquire information, 15% said IT helps to process information, 20% reported storing information and 17% to retrieve information. So, we can say that the main reason to use IT in the health sector is to acquire information and store information easily.

The effectiveness of IT in Healthcare sector:

Analysis:

The result of the efficiency of IT in healthcare sector result shows that 20% strongly agree with the statement that their hospital sector is technologically equipped, 18% strongly agree with the statement that their professional skills were improved by technology. Moreover, 22% said that IT helped to speed up hospital process of the classification and cataloging of material. While 20% said that IT has positively impacted the charging as well as discharging of the hospital material and 26% said that IT helps to reduce an anti-hospital crime, 28% strongly agree with the statement that IT enables most effective resource sharing, and 18% strongly agree with the statement that online database provides more up-to-date library information in their healthcare sector.

Findings:

The data collected through the Questionnaire administered shows that the respondents that correctly filled their questionnaires were 35 out of the 35. Put differently, 35 copies of the Questionnaire were retrieved and analyzed. Because of the responses mentioned above given by the respondents shows that hospital management board is automated and the kind of so.

The research analysis shows that there is still room for improvement in the hospital. In particular, it appears to be a weak factor for the entire hospital. Communication, agility, and availability are the areas that affect the healthcare sector communication process such as signage, language, and guidance. Areas affecting agility include waiting times for appointment, enrollment, counseling, and medicine distribution. Areas that impact availability include doctors, nurses, and professional services.

Moreover, the use of Computer and information technology in hospitals cannot be improved in all the impact areas mentioned in the study, but most can help strengthen these deficiencies in hospitals. The demand for quality of health care is getting bigger and bigger with the demand for health promotion. Information technology can play an essential role in mobilizing hospitals to provide better services and will improve the quality of service in hospitals we dare to think outside the box. The possibilities are endless when hospitals design future jobs. The top management’s responsibility is to ensure that all stakeholders in the healthcare industry integrate information technology into the hospital and translate the overloaded manual processes into a technical foundation. Information technology will support doctors, nurses and general care teams to provide better service quality to achieve patient satisfaction.

Medical systems around the world face challenges such as increased costs, lack of human resources, aging populations and the prevalence of chronic diseases. To find a solution, the medical sector has integrated various types of ITs with the intent of providing health care at a low cost without compromising patient safety. The development of enhanced IT tools in the Healthcare sector in the UK is on the rise. Patients are better acquainted with their health and use other technologies to self-assess data and information. The professional formation of health care providers can avoid adapting to the more active patient paradigm, increasing the quality of care and IT development strategies can help solve these problems.

Reflection:

I want to share my experience with my research. This was not easy because it proved to be limited literature around the area because it was difficult to get a sense of research as in some abstracts. Some of the abstracts were difficult to review. This is because there is a limit to drawing specific conclusions, such as finding the research design that forced the search in the original article. In light of my writing experience, I realized at least that I enjoyed this process. I like learning and always want to get more knowledge both inside and outside the classroom. I am particularly passionate about learning about my primary and future professions in the nonprofit sector because I have taken optimistic research on this topic of my choice on this subject. Research and writing skills are essential not only in the academic environment but also in the nonprofit sector. Because grants are an exciting field for me, I now feel much more confident about my writing skills and research skills. Presentation skills are critical in almost all professional settings, and I think the presentation aspect of this assignment has helped develop it.

References:

AAFP, 2019. Information Technology Used in Health Care. [Online]
Available at: https://www.aafp.org/about/policies/all/information-technology.html

JESS WHITE, ELIZABETH DEMARCO, RENEE COCCHI and KHOFFMAN, 2016. MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY. [Online]
Available at: http://www.healthcarebusinesstech.com/medical-technology/

Jinhyung Lee, Jeffrey S. McCullough, and Robert J. Town, 2013. The impact of health information technology on hospital productivity. [Online]
Available at: https://faculty.wharton.upenn.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/2_The_impact_of_health_information_technology.pdf

Khatun, F., 2015. Impact of ICT on Health Services in Bangladesh: A Study on Hobiganj Adhunik Zila Sadar Hospital. [Online]
Available at: http://www.bangladeshstudies.org/files/WPS_no26.pdf

NABANOBA, S., 2005. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND HEALTH SERVICE DELIVERY. [Online]
Available at: https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/27233/27080.pdf?sequence=1

Peter B. Southard, Soongoo Hong, and Keng Siau, 2000. Information Technology in the Health Care Industry: A Primer. [Online]
Available at: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.199.8268&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Ranta, P., 2010. Information and Communications Technology in Health Care. [Online]
Available at: http://epub.lib.aalto.fi/en/ethesis/pdf/12398/hse_ethesis_12398.pdf

Sun, R., 2016. The Effect of Health Information Technology on Hospital Quality of Care. [Online]
Available at: https://academicworks.cuny.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2324&context=gc_etds

Watts, E., 2018. The Impact of Information Technology on Medicine. [Online]
Available at: http://www.itbriefcase.net/the-impact-of-information-technology-on-medicine

Appendix:

Presentation:

Survey Questioner:

Impact of Information Technology in Healthcare sector

Gender

  • Male
  • Female

Age:

  • 21 to 25
  • 26 to 30
  • 31 to 35
  • Above 35
  1. Is the hospital management team familiar with Information technologies used in the healthcare sector?
  • Yes
  • No
  1. What are the main reasons for the use of information technologies in the healthcare sector?
  • To process information
  • To acquire information
  • To disseminate information
  • To store information
  • To retrieve information
  1. The effectiveness of Information technologies depends on:

Does your department technologically equip?

  • Strongly Agree
  • Agree
  • Moderately
  • Disagree
  • Strongly Disagree

Does technology improve your professional skills?

  • Strongly Agree
  • Agree
  • Moderately
  • Disagree
  • Strongly Disagree

IT has speeded up the process of cataloging and classification of hospital material

  • Strongly Agree
  • Agree
  • Moderately
  • Disagree
  • Strongly Disagree

IT has positively Impacted charging and discharging of hospital material

  • Strongly Agree
  • Agree
  • Moderately
  • Disagree
  • Strongly Disagree

DoesDoes IT helps to reduce anti-hospital crimes?

  • Strongly Agree
  • Agree
  • Moderately
  • Disagree
  • Strongly Disagree

IT enables most effective resource sharing

  • Strongly Agree
  • Agree
  • Moderately
  • Disagree
  • Strongly Disagree

Does online database provide more up-to-date information in the healthcare sector library?

  • Strongly Agree
  • Agree
  • Moderately
  • Disagree
  • Strongly Disagree

 

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